University of Washington College of Education faculty and students will present findings of their current research to strengthen teaching practice, maker education, instructional leadership, early learning and more during the American Educational Research Association's annual meeting April 13 to 17 in New York City.
The theme of this year's AERA meeting is "The Dreams, Possibilities, and Necessity of Public Education." Alumni and friends attending AERA are invited to join the College of Education's faculty and students for an April 14 reception that will take place from 6 to 8 p.m. at the Society of Illustrators. Those planning to attend are asked to RSVP online.
To see abstracts from all UW College of Education researchers presenting at AERA, search the online conference program for “University of Washington.” Schedule is subject to change and sessions are Eastern time.
Among the sessions featuring UW research are:
Mediating Argumentation in Environmental Science
In a multi-year design-based research project involving a project-based Advanced Placement Environmental Science course, UW researchers developed design principles for material tools to scaffold disciplinary practice and support formative assessment, while maintaining students’ authority to create arguments. Analysis shows how two versions differently mediated student and teacher activity, and the impacts of those differences on student engagement and learning. Researchers will discuss the resulting design principles and provide illustrative video examples of implementation of the Argument Tool.
April 13, noon to 1:30 p.m. — Millennium Broadway New York Times Square, Fifth Floor, Room 5.01
Sue Nolen, Alexandra Goodell, Lia Wetzstein
Institutional Effects on Community College Completion: An Analysis of Washington State's Community College System
This study analyzed data for two cohorts of community college students in Washington state using a mixed methods design. Multilevel models showed that college location and focal orientation were the only consistent institutional predictors of student completion: students were more likely to complete a certificate, degree or transfer in an institution with a focus that matched their own, and transfer students were more successful in urban locations compared to workforce students. Case study results revealed that highly effective institutions appear to utilize specific student advising models and have strong, unifying missions.
April 14, 10:35 a.m. to 12:05 p.m. — New York Marriott Marquis, Fourth Floor, Gilbert
Gabriel Mast, Liz Sanders, William Zumeta
Making Home "Work" With Technology: How Parents Design Home Learning Environments
This paper describes how parents design domestic spaces for learning with technology and how children then spend their time working and recreating at home. Analysis positions parents as designers of learning environments and places ethnographic attention on the specificity of their choices related to children’s learning. Interactions between people and mediating artifacts and the material arrangements of technologies serve as the basis for examining learning in home media ecologies. This analysis shows how, while homework is an important site for making home “work” with technology, parents’ design plans are subject to the contingencies of everyday life at home.
April 14, 10:35 a.m. to 12:05 p.m. — Crown Plaza Times Square, Times Square B Room
Not Just "Babysitters": Building on After-School Educators' Funds of Knowledge to Define Learning Through Making
Results from this research-practice partnership at an East Oakland school describe how informal and formal educators gained new perspectives about student learning through dialogue with one another. Afterschool educators created presentations analyzing informal student learning that were shared with in-school staff. The work of afterschool educators became newly visible to in-school staff, and afterschool educators reported an improved sense of pride and inspiration in their work. Differences in learning contexts between afterschool and in-school served as productive tensions through which to surface new ways of thinking about student learning across contexts. Such thinking informed the creation of a learning framework for understanding how learning through making can support STEM learning in school time.
April 15, 2:25 to 4:15 p.m. — Sheraton New York Times Square, Second Floor, Central Park East Room
Exploring Nature's Mathematics to Build Indigenous Youth's Sense of Relational Reciprocity
Drawing from data collected two years of an Indigenous STEAM camp, this paper explores how 20 youth make relations with the natural world through the historical practice of indigenous observation. Indigenous observation helped the youth understand the ways in which mathematics—the use of patterns and shapes—naturally occur from plant life. Youth were able to 1) build upon their relationships with the natural world, 2) tell stories of their own narratives as relational beings as they deepened their sense of relational reciprocity, and finally 3) imagine their role in creating possible environmental futures for their communities.
April 15, 2:45 to 4:15 p.m. — New York Marriott Marquis, Fifth Floor, Belasco
Difference and Compensation: Emancipatory Research on Mathematics Learning Disability
In this study, researchers explored how an individual with a mathematics learning disability (MLD) who was highly successful in upper division mathematics classes represented, interpreted and solved problems involving fractions. Researchers will present a detailed analysis illustrating how the student had developed sophisticated ways of compensating for her MLD. Findings highlight how despite the student’s success in mathematics, she continued to rely upon characteristic patterns of reasoning identified in students with MLD. This suggests that standard notions about the need to extinguish these kinds of “misconceptions” are not appropriate. Instead, educators need to honor and value the student’s understanding and reframe these patterns of reasoning as differences rather than deficits.
April 15, 2:45 to 4:15 p.m. — New York Marriott Marquis, Seventh Floor, Times Square
The Kindergarten Science Classroom: Designing Learning Environments Toward Equity and Participation for Emergent Bilingual Students
This study—which took place during a three-year, teacher-researcher partnership focused on implementation of a Next Generation Science Standards physics unit in an urban kindergarten classroom—highlights elements of a designed learning environment, which were found to support a range of participation styles as students worked to leverage scientific models to learn about complex phenomena, explain their thinking, and become engaged participants in the process and practice of scientific modeling. Researchers present findings that highlight how elements of the design framework afforded emergent bilingual students opportunities to take advantage of a system of supports where they could make intellectual connections between their ideas and scientific concepts.
April 15, 2:45 to 4:15 p.m. — New York Marriott Marquis, Seventh Floor, Columbia Room
Designing for the Next Generation of Teaching Practices With a Networked Improvement Community: A Longitudinal Study of Local Adaptation and Improvement
Researchers share results from a five-year research-practice partnership in which university science and English language educational researchers worked with secondary science teachers, coaches, principals and district leaders from a culturally and linguistically diverse school district to develop a Networked Improvement Community that aims to improve science instruction for all students, and EL students in particular. Currently educational systems are not designed to adapt or improve instruction, but this project represents a shift in how knowledge has traditionally been used in education, particularly in professional learning. Researchers describe the application of NIC principles through three inter-related levels of participants and their interdependent activities, which supports the improvement of instruction, and “getting better at getting better.”
April 16, 10:35 a.m. to 12:05 p.m. — New York Hilton Midtown, Concourse Level, Concourse D Room
Beyond Setting an Instructional Vision: Understanding Superintendents' Equity-Focused Instructional Leadership Practice
Researchers will share results of a comparative analysis of six superintendents engaged in instructional leadership aimed at fostering equitable teaching and learning for all students. With sociocultural learning theory as conceptual framework, the study found all superintendents described their work similarly but their observed practice differed: Those associated with positive results led for specific shifts in their central office and the principalship from a teaching-and-learning stance, helping their staff learn to improve their leadership even as superintendents were learning the work themselves; others took a directive, hands-off approach.
April 16, 12:25 to 1:55 p.m. — Park Central Hotel New York, Mezzanine Level, Manhattan A Room
Meredith Honig, Emily Donaldson
Race and Ability Talk in Early Childhood: Critical Inquiry Into Preservice Teachers' Shared Book Reading Practice
This study investigated how four white, able-bodied pre-service teachers facilitated dialogue about ability and race with young children during shared-book reading, and the experiences that mediated pre-service teachers’ practice. Results demonstrated how pre-service teachers constructed themselves as experts by controlling the amount of child talk and ways children could contribute to talk. When ability and race were discussed, pre-service teachers conveyed the notion that ability and race are neutral identity markers. Given what they gleaned from their early educational experiences, experiences in university coursework, and fieldwork, pre-service teachers had few means by which to enter critical conversations about ability and race with young children.
April 17, 8:15 to 9:45 a.m. — Sheraton New York Times Square, Second Floor, Metropolitan West Room
Margaret Beneke, Winner of the AERA 2018 Disability Studies in Education Outstanding Dissertation Award
Urban Teen Women's Film Productions: An Exploration of Science and Engineering Agency as Transformational Pivots
This study examines how film production provides access to new forms of participation in science and engineering (S/E) for teen women from historically marginalized groups. Drawing on critical science agency as a theoretical frame, researchers present findings from an analysis of four youth-produced films that highlight the varied ways urban teen women positioned themselves as authors, leveraged their unique funds of knowledge, and collectively made S/E contributions with implications for action. The study reveals important pivots in how S/E can be accomplished, what it can look like and do, and how S/E can impact women’s participation.
April 17, 2:15 to 3:45 p.m. — New York Marriott Marquis, Fifth Floor, Westside Ballroom Salon 1
Dustin Wunderlich, Director of Marketing and Communications